Raw animal materials and their quality
Meat production is very diversified in the various regions of the world. The size and characteristics of the production in a given area are affected by the local preferences of consumers, regarding the genotypes of animals being used, feed and environmental factors of rearing and fattening, and the level of veterinary care. Prosperity, culture conditions and religion of the inhabitants of the region are also significant. In addition, in recent years a considerable attention is paid to animal welfare, protection of environment and ensuring consumer's health.
In 2012, world meat production totaled1 over 290 million tons, including about 60 million tons of beef, 102 million tons of pork, and 86 million tons of poultry. EU's share in the world production was approx. 8 million tons of beef, 22 million tons of pork and 11 million tons of poultry.
World's largest meat producers in 2012 were: China, USA and Brazil, and among the EU countries: Germany, France and Spain.2
The international good trade in 2012 involved over 29 million tons of meat, including approx. 13 million tons of poultry, 7.4 million tons of pork and 8 million tons of beef. The largest meat exporters were: Brazil, the USA and Australia, while the biggest importers: Japan, Russia and the United States. This year, EU countries exported 2.28 million tons of pork, 0.310 million tons of beef and 0.530 million tons of poultry.3
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1,2,3 - Sources: Food Outlook, Annual report on global food markets, June 2013.