Production and export of meat from the EU states
World production of meat in 2013 was over 308 million tonnes and in comparison with 2012 it grew by 1.1% (slightly lower than the world population growth: 1.2 %) and was caused by the increase in production mainly in the developing countries, which also remained the regions with the highest demand.
The international goods trade in 2013 turned around about 31 million tonnes, and according to the FAO forecasts, this level of international meat trade will be maintained in 2014.
Consumption of meat in 2013 was 42.9 kg/per year per inhabitant and it slightly declined in comparison to the previous year.
According to the report by OECD/FAO the global meat production will grow more slowly in the decade 2013-2022 than previously, and will not exceed the level of 1.6% per year (in the previous decade 2.3% per year), mainly as the result of reduced dynamics of poultry meat production growth (over the past decade 2.3% and in 2013-2023 1,6%). The main reason will be the increase in the costs of production and the increasing demand for land and water for crops. Also the annual pace of the world trade in meat will fall to 1.6% from 4.3% in the previous decade, and will be caused by the increase in meat production in the developing countries trying to curb imports. It is expected that the USA will remain the largest meat exporter, however, due to increasing costs, the EU countries are expected to reduce their production and exports.
As a consequence of the expected changes in meat production dynamics, it needs to be predicted that the meat consumption will change in the particular regions of the world. Because of the lowest production costs, the consumption increase will mainly affect poultry meat, and primarily in the developing countries. China will become the leader in meat consumption, especially of pork. On the other hand, meat consumption will gradually be declining in the developing countries as a result of the demographic changes (society aging) and of the increased health awareness.
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