Production and export of pork and beef in EU-28 countries in 2014-15
In 2015, the production of pork in the EU-28 countries amounted to approx. 23.4 mil-lion tonnes (of cold weight) and was 2.7% higher than in 2014. Over the past 2 years (2014-15), the share of EU countries in the production of pork worldwide ranged from 20.3% to 20.6%. The production self-sufficiency rate (calculated as production/consumption) for pork in the EU is approx. 110%, which means that the European Union is a self-sufficient entity as a whole. The leaders of pork production among the EU countries are Germany (23.8%), Spain (16.7%), France (8.3%), Poland (7.9%) and Denmark (6.9%). Overall, these 5 countries ac-count for almost 2/3 of pork production in the EU-28.
The largest share of pork export in relation to production can be observed in Denmark, Belgium and the Netherlands (over 60%), indicating a pro-export bias of meat production in these countries, with an average in the EU-28 of approximately 30%. Among the analysed countries, the smallest share of export in relation to production was found in Italy (6.4%).
The largest exporters of pork in the European Union are the major manufacturers, namely Germany, Spain and Denmark (cf. Table 2 and 3). The majority of export from the largest producers and exporters of pork in the EU is directed to the internal EU market, i.e. over 70% of exported pork is directed there.
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